Predictors of nurses’ attitudes and knowledge towards pain management in Italy. A cross-sectional study in the hospital settings
Mitello L, Marucci AR, Salvatore S, Sii Onesto A, Baglio G, Latina R.
Predictors of nurses' attitudes and knowledge towards pain management in Italy. A cross-sectional study in the hospital settings
Applied Nursing Research, 2021; 62: 151512,
Introduction: Pain is multidimensional, and as such it is the chief reason patients require urgent health care services. If inadequately assessed and untreated, pain may negatively impact on the quality of life of the patient. Pain management is an essential part of Nursing. The aim to this study is to examine the level of knowledge and attitudes with regard to pain among Italian nurses who work in clinical settings. Methods: The Ferrell and McCaffery’s Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain was distributed to 266 nurses employed in one specialized hospital in Rome, Italy. The staff in the survey work in three different settings: the intensive care unit, the sub-intensive care unit, and an ordinary ward. Descriptive statistics were employed and a logistic regression model was performed to evaluate the factors that may influence the attitude and knowledge of care providers. Results: 49.6% of the sample correctly answered items about attitudes, 47.4% about knowledge, and 36.5% about assessment. The results show that the odds ratio of developing positive attitudes towards pain was 1.76 times higher in nurses employed in the sub-intensive care unit than in other settings. There are no statistically significant associations of knowledge between setting, sex or education. Conclusions: Our survey revealed a limited overall level of knowledge and attitudes with regards to pain management among nurses. Implementing specific training for health professionals, starting with academic education, is therefore a priority. Further research is needed on a larger sample of Italian nurses.