The Rationale for Using Neridronate in Musculoskeletal Disorders: From Metabolic Bone Diseases to Musculoskeletal Pain
Iolascon G, Moretti A. The Rationale for Using Neridronate in Musculoskeletal Disorders: From Metabolic Bone Diseases to Musculoskeletal Pain.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23(13), 6921; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23136921
Neridronate or ((6-amino-1-hydroxy-1-phosphonohexyl) phosphonic acid) is an amino-bisphosphonate (BP) synthetized in Italy in 1986. Bisphosphonates are molecules with a P-C-P bond in their structure that allows strong and selectively binding to hydroxyapatite (HAP) as well as osteoclasts inhibition through different mechanisms of action. Neridronate was initially used to treat Paget disease of the bone, demonstrating effectiveness in reducing bone turnover markers as well as pain. The interesting molecular properties of neridronate foster its wide use in several other conditions, such as osteogenesis imperfecta, and osteoporosis. Thanks to the unique safety and efficacy profile, neridronate has been used in secondary osteoporosis due to genetic, rheumatic, and oncological diseases, including in pediatric patients. In the last decade, this drug has also been studied in chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions, such as algodystrophy, demonstrating effectiveness in improving extraskeletal outcomes. This review highlights historical and clinical insights about the use of neridronate for metabolic bone disorders and musculoskeletal pain conditions.